How does Islamic State get money from Pakistan in Syria? Bitcoin and the role of women
In Pakistan’s largest city, Karachi, anti-terrorism police have claimed to have tracked down a group that they say is providing money to so-called Islamic State militants in Syria using the digital currency “bitcoin”.
Police have also arrested Muhammad Omar bin Khalid, a student at NED University in Karachi, who he said was “in contact with Islamic State women”.
However, the mother of the arrested student had earlier filed a petition in the High Court at the time of her arrest in December, in which she stated that her son had “no affiliation with any party”.
Re-arrest of the suspect
On Monday, CTD DIG Omar Shahid, along with SP Raja Umar, told a press conference that accused Muhammad Umar bin Khalid had been arrested from Kent station, who had earlier been arrested. He was also detained on December 17. He said the CTD had received information that some people were “raising funds from Pakistan and sending Islamic State abroad through various means.”
Two mobile phones were also recovered from Muhammad Omar bin Khalid at the time of his arrest, but there was no concrete evidence at the time, so he was released on bail.
‘Mobile Phones Reveal Secrets’
Omar Shahid Hamid said that the mobile phones recovered from the arrested accused were forensic which revealed that the accused belonged to Islamic State. He is part of a group that collects money from Pakistan and sends it to Syria.
“The accused has direct contact with terrorists in Syria and Pakistan through his women.”
He said that unknown persons used to send money to the accused through EasyPay (online through mobile phone number money transfer app).
This money was sent to Omar who himself used to send this money to a person named Zia in Hyderabad through easy money. The man used to transfer the money in dollars to terrorists in Syria via bitcoin.
He said that after receiving the money, these people used to inform Umar bin Khalid. This has been going on for the last two years.
‘Communication through women’
Speaking to the BBC, SP Raja Umar Khattab claimed that for the first time, the issue of delivery of modern currency to terrorist organizations has come to light.
“Omar was ideologically attached to the Islamic State, not for personal gain,” he says.
“Women from the families of Islamic State terrorists in Syria, who also speak Urdu, communicate and gain sympathy through Twitter and other social networking sites.”
“Then she asks for funds. In this regard, if anyone agrees to provide funds, then they are asked to contact Omar.
According to CTD, the accused had absconded after being released on bail. He was informed that the accused was about to flee the country from Karachi by train yesterday. So he was arrested at Kent Station.
Who is Muhammad Umar bin Khalid?
Muhammad Omar bin Khalid is a final year student at NED Engineering University. His mother, Tayyaba Khalid, had filed a petition in the High Court against his arrest.
The petition states that Omar was picked up on December 17, with footage from police mobiles as evidence.
“It has nothing to do with any political party.”
The court had issued notices to the Home Department, DG Rangers and others.
It may be recalled that even before this, students of Karachi University have been found involved in closeness and attacks with Islamic State.
In recent years, an attack on an Ismaili bus at Safouran has resulted in the arrest of highly educated youth.
According to police, Saad Aziz, a social worker involved in the Safooran incident, was also the mastermind behind the murder of Sabin Mahmood.
He was a graduate of the Institute of Business Administration, Karachi University, while his colleague Muhammad Azhar Ishrat was an accused electronics engineer. Another accused, Hafiz Nasir Hussain, also had an MA in Islamic Studies from Karachi University.
The accused in the attack on MQM Pakistan leader and Sindh Assembly opposition leader Khawaja Izhar were also university graduates and, according to police, were linked to a group called Ansar al-Sharia, which was formed by “youths angry with Islamic State”.
What is a bitcoin?
Digital currency, such as bitcoin, is primarily an electronic payment method. You can buy from it but so far it can only be spent in certain places. It allows you to pay on video games or social networks.
Cryptocurrency is being traded in many countries around the world. However, the State Bank of Pakistan in May 2017 declared the use, purchase and sale of this currency in Pakistan illegal.
According to an article published two weeks ago, the value of the cryptocurrency bitcoin has reached the highest level in history and the value of one bitcoin has exceeded 30,000 US dollars.
The value of this virtual cryptocurrency has reached 35,937 US dollars.
What will life be like in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of US troops? What do the statistics say?
Twenty years after the war in Afghanistan, US and NATO forces are leaving the country, but since their departure, the Taliban have begun recapturing parts of the country.
But we have tried to find answers to a few questions about how this two-decade-long war has changed Afghanistan and what will happen here in the future.
Are the Taliban back?
The Islamic extremist group Afghan Taliban occupied Afghanistan in 1996 and ruled the country for the next five years. After the 9/11 attacks, the United States invaded Afghanistan and defeated the Taliban. The country then held elections under a democratic system and a new constitution was drafted, but the Taliban could not be eliminated despite the defeat and continued to engage in small-scale clashes and attacks, which kept Afghan, US and NATO forces busy.
But now that US forces are leaving the country, the Taliban have begun to dig their claws again and start implementing the ‘Sharia’ system in places.
The BBC Afghan Service confirmed the situation in various parts of the country until July 19 to find out which parts of the country are under government control and where the Taliban are. Are occupying other parts of the country
However, there are some areas where fighting is ongoing and the Taliban are present in large numbers.
But the ground situation is also changing rapidly, and many areas of the country are inaccessible, making it difficult to verify the news.
However, it is clear that the Taliban is advancing rapidly and now controls an estimated one-third of the country.
How many people have died since 2001?
The 20-year war in Afghanistan has resulted in large numbers of casualties not only in Afghanistan but also in neighboring Pakistan, including militants, civilians and law enforcement personnel. In the first three months of this year There has been a “clear increase” in civilian casualties, which the United Nations says is due to the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and targeted killings.
Women and children accounted for 43 percent of all deaths in Afghanistan last year.
How many people have been forced to flee the country because of the war?
Millions of people have been forced to flee their homeland by years of war, many of whom have sought refuge in Afghanistan’s neighbors and sought to relocate and seek refuge in many other countries.
But the vast majority have become homeless and millions of people in the country are living in poverty. Last year alone, more than 400,000 people were forced to flee their homes as a result of ongoing conflict in Afghanistan. More than 5 million people have been displaced since 2012 and have not been able to return home.
According to the United Nations, Afghanistan has the third largest number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in the world. The Corona virus epidemic has put a strain on Afghanistan’s national resources and made it difficult for people to access livelihoods after a nationwide lockdown.
According to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, 30 percent of the country’s population is currently facing a malnutrition crisis. Can girls go to school in Afghanistan?
Under the Taliban, women’s rights were completely curtailed, and not a single girl was enrolled in secondary school in the country in 1999, while only 9,000 girls were enrolled in primary schools.
In the next two years after the fall of the Taliban, a large number of girls enrolled in schools, reaching 2.4 million in 2003. There are currently about 3.5 million schoolgirls in Afghanistan, compared to one-third of the country’s public and private universities.
However, according to UNICEF, about 3.7 million children still do not go to school in the country, and 60 percent of them are girls, due to the ongoing fighting in the country and the lack of female teachers and resources.
The Taliban say they are not opposed to women’s education, but according to Human Rights Watch, only a small number of girls are allowed to go to school in Taliban-held areas. Opportunities for
In the two decades since the fall of the Taliban, women’s involvement in public affairs has increased, and they now hold political positions and engage in business. According to statistics, by 2019, 1,000 women in the country had their own businesses.
Afghanistan’s constitution states that at least 27% of the members of the lower house of parliament must be women, with 69% of the 249 seats in parliament being held by women.
The use of mobile phones and the Internet has increased across the country. As of January 2021, 22% of the population, or more than 8.6 million people, had access to the Internet and millions are on Afghan social media. Mobile phone use is growing rapidly and 68% of the population has their own mobile phone. But the United Nations says the quality of service is not good.
The majority of people in Afghanistan still do not have bank accounts, and according to statistics, more than 80% of adults do not have bank accounts. Has no confidence in financial institutions and no awareness of financial matters.
But the World Bank also estimates that the number of adults holding bank accounts in Afghanistan could double in the next five years under new plans.
The capital, Kabul, now has a large number of high-rise buildings that are vital to the city’s growing population.
The role of poppy in the rural economy
Afghanistan is one of the largest poppy-producing countries in the world, and according to British officials, 95% of the heroin that arrives in the UK comes from Afghanistan.
According to the United Nations, poppy cultivation has grown rapidly over the past 20 years, with only 12 of the country’s 34 provinces not growing poppy, although farmers have been repeatedly urged to do so. The Taliban banned poppy cultivation across the country in the last year of their rule, but it lasted only a short time because the poppy crop was for them and the people associated with it. It brought in millions of dollars in revenue.
It is speculated that due to political instability in the country and lack of other sources of employment, poppy cultivation has steadily increased.